Glossary of Karate terminology used by TSKR

This page contains a brief glossary of some of the more commonly used Japanese terminology TSKR Karateka will need on their way to gaining Black Belt.

The glossary includes the Japanese words / phrases, and their English translation, used during training sessions and gradings, and students should familiarise themselves with these terms alongside the TSKR Grading Syllabus.

Your club instructor(s), Sensei, will use these terms often, helping you to understand their meanings and pronunciations. You will also see your syllabus written on the back of your training card, you should use this page to translate your syllabus.

  • Shotokan Karate

    Karate-Do - Empty Handed Way

    Shihan - Master

    Sensei - Teacher

    Sempai - Senior Student

    Kohai - Junior Student

    Dojo - Training Hall

    Obi - Belt

    Seiza - Kneel

    Mokuso - Meditate

    Rei - Bow

    Yoi - Ready

    Hajime - Begin

    Yame - Stop

    Naote - Relax

    Hidari - Left

    Migi - Right

    Jodan - Upper

    Chudan - Middle

    Gedan - Lower

    Dachi - Stance

    Zuki - Punch

    Uchi - Strike

    Uke - Block

    Geri - Kick

    Tai Sabaki - Body Shifting

    Yori Ashi - Foot Shifting

  • Strikes

    Kazami Zuki - Jab

    Choku Zuki - Straight Punch

    Oi Zuki - Lunge Punch

    Gyaku Zuki - Reverse Punch

    Yama Zuki - Mountain Punch

    Yoko Zuki - Side Punch

    Ippon Ken - One Knuckle Strike

    Uraken - Back Fist

    Tetsui - Hammer Fist

    Empi Uchi - Elbow Strike

    Nukite - Spear Hand Strike

    Shuto - Knife Hand

    Shuto Uchi - Sword Hand Strike

  • Blocks

    Jodan Age Uke - Upper Rising Block

    Tetsui Zuki - Hammer Fist

    Gedan Barai - Lower block

    Kake Wake Uke - Reverse Wedge Block

    Haishu-Uke - Back Hand Block

    Soto Uke - Inward Middle Block

    Uchi Uke - Outward Middle Block

    Morote Uke - Augmented Block

    Teisho Uke - Pressing Palm Heal Block

    Shuto-Uke - Sword Hand Block

    Juji-Uke - X Block

  • Stances

    Zenkutsu Dachi - Front Stance

    Kokutsu Dachi - Back Stance

    Kiba Dachi - Horse Stance

    Fudo Dachi - Rooted Stance

    Neko Ashi Dachi - Cat Stance

    Hangetsu Dachi - Hourglass Stance

  • Kicks

    Hiza Geri - Knee Strike

    Mae Geri - Front Kick

    Yoko Geri Keage - Side Snap Kick

    Yoko Geri Kekomi - Side Thrust Kick

    Fumakomi - Stamp Kick

    Mika Zuki Geri - Crescent Kick

    Mawashi Geri - Round Kick

    Tobi Geri - Jump Kick

    Ni Mae Geri - Double Front Kick

    Ushiro Geri Kekomi - Back Thrust Kick

  • Kata Terms

    Gedan-barai - Down Block

    Chudan Oi Zuki - Middle Lunge Punch

    Chudan Uchi Uke - Inside Outward Block

    Tetsui Zuki - Hammer Fist Strike

    Shuto Uke - Sword Hand Block

    Shuto Zuki - Sword Hand Strike

    Tai-sabaki - Body Shifting

    Jodan Oi Zuki - Upper Lunge Punch

    Jodan Age Uke - Upper Rising Block

    Yoko Geri Keage - Side Snapping Kick

    Mae Geri Keage - Front Snapping Kick

    Chudan Uraken - Middle Back Fist

    Chudan Nukite Zuki - Middle Spear Hand Strike

    Chudan Gyaku Zuki - Middle Reverse Punch

    Morote Chudan Uchi Uke - Augmented Middle Inside Outward Block

    Jodan Soto Uke - Upper Forearm Strike

    Morote Gedan Uchi Uke - Augmented Lower Inside Outward Block

    Morote Shita Zuki - Augmented Upper Inverted Punch

    Chudan Teisho Yoko Uke - Middle Side Palm Heel Block

    Chudan Yoko Zuki - Middle Side Punch

    Ni Jodan Shita Zuki - Double Inverted Upper Punch

    Chudan Tsukami Uke - Middle Grasping Block

    Chudan Osae Uke - Middle Pressing Block

    Chudan Mae Empi Uchi - Middle Forward Elbow Strike

    Chudan Keito Uke - Middle Chicken Head Block

    Hitosashiyubi Gedan Nukite - Lower Index Finger Spear Hand

    Shuto Gedan Barai - Lower Sword Hand Strike

    Washide Jodan Uchi - Upper Eagle Strike

    Jodan Mae Geri Keage - Upper Front Snapping Kick

    Chudan Uraken - Middle Back Fist

    Chudan Hiza Geri - Middle Knee Strike

    Chudan Mika Zuki Geri - Middle Crescent Kick

    Chudan Mawashi Zuki - Middle Round House Punch

    Jodan Shuto Juji Uke - Upper Open Hand X Block

    Ni Yoko Chudan Zuki - Double Middle Side Punch

    Chudan-tate-shuto-uchi-uke -middle Level Vertical Inside Outward Sword Hand Block

    Chudan Choku Zuki - Middle Straight Punch

    Ni Jodan Uke - Double Rising Block

    Hidari Ashi Dachi - Left Legged Stance

    Chudan Uchi Otoshi - Middle Falling Block

    Jodan Yoko Uchi Barai - Upper Side Sweeping Block

    Sho Koko Bo Uke - Tiger Mouth Block

    Chudan Oi Zuki Maeude Hineri - Middle Lunge Punch With Turning Forearm

    Jodan Tate Mawashi Uchi - Upper Vertical Roundhouse Strike

    Naname Shita Ni Oshinobasu - Double Downward Oblique Push

    Gedan Gassho Uke - Lower Double Palm Heel Block

    Sankaku Tobi - Triangle Jump

    Chudan Nakadaka Ippon Ken - Middle One Knuckle Strike

    Jodan Age Nihon Nukite-zuki - Upper Two Finger Spear Hand Strike

    Haishu Uke - Back Hand Block

    Jodan Kensei - Upper Palm Feint

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TSKR supports students who are using Karate to gain awards in GCSE Karate and The Duke of Edinburgh Awards and does not have official recognition from the Dept of Education or HRH The Duke of Edinburgh.